Events in Greece, in addition to the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, all contributed towards the development of the Cold War. These were all causes of tension between the great powers of the USA, USSR, and Britain, which resulted in them having frosty, destructive relationships.
The Truman Doctrine,1947, was a foreign policy created by president Truman in order to counter Soviet advances on Eastern Europe. This doctrine established that all nations under threat from the authoritarian control of the Red Army would receive military, economic and political aid. The intended result of this was to prevent weak countries from falling to Communism and to decrease the influence the USSR was having over the West. The event that fuelled Truman’s announcement of his doctrine was the British government’s decision to no longer provide military or financial assistance for the Greek government, which they had needed to strengthen their forces during the Civil war against the Greek Communists. This also catalysed Truman to provide $400,000,000 worth of aid to Greece, (and to Turkey – which had also depended on support from Britain), as well as dispatching military produce and personnel to certain areas. Truman feared Greece would fall into the hands of the Communists – and Greece being 90 miles from Florida – this posed a large threat to America, that they would become part of the ‘Domino effect’. This was a theory proposed by Truman which suggested once a country had fallen to Communism, the neighbouring states would, as a consequence, also fall to Communism – like the spread of ‘a rash’. Truman justified his involvement in foreign affairs by claiming Communist grasp over Greece would “undermine the foundations of international peace and hence the security of the United States.”