Consequences of the Berlin Airlift

Website: https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/berlin-airlift

At a time where the tension between the USSR and the USA was at its greatest and the threat of a world war three was most prominent, the two super powers were fixated on a the capital of Germany; Berlin as it was the deciding factor for who was truly in control.

In response to the Berlin blockade, the USA launched Operation Plainfare and sent supplies to Berlin in order to supply the people with the basic necessities and scarce resources. Seeing that the USA was not going to drop their plans any time soon, the Soviets offered to drop the blockade if the Western Allies withdrew the Deutschmark from West Berlin. However the Western Allies were keen on keeping the airlift due to strong opposition to Soviet domination at Reichstag and carried on keeping the airlift and also the currency.

By spring 1949, the Berlin Airlift proved to be successful and the Western Allies showed that they could sustain the operation indefinitely.

Due to the Berlin airlift, tension between the USA and the USSR grew drastically and the fight over the control of Berlin was at its peak. As well as this, on August 24 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was formed where most non communist European countries pledged themselves to mutual assistance in case of foreign aggression.

Following the airlift, political relations became more divided as the western sector continued to prosper as a result of Marshall aid and the economic gap between East and West was very evident in Berlin. A third of the wealthy class from the east went over to the west as they began to see it as a window of opportunity and as a way to prosper from life. This meant that the east suffered economic hardship thus resulting in government action where the next solution was to build the Berlin Wall.

Website: https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/berlin-airlift

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