The Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947
The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy to stop Soviet imperialism during the Cold War. It was announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman when he pledged to contain Soviet threats to Greece and Turkey.
More information on the Truman Doctrine can be found here.
This Article places an emphasis on The Truman Doctrine being basically a promise from the US to protect any country, particularly Turkey and Greece from the threats of Communism. In addition to this, the article also tells us that Truman’s ideology and logic was not accepted by everyone, instead some actually refuted his Doctrine.
The Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $130 billion in current dollar value as of August 2015) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War, this initiative resulted in the Soviet’s setting up Comecon in Eastern Bloc countries. The initiative also caused, from 1948 through to 1952 great growth in European economies and consequently this economic prosperity led by coal and steel industries led to today’s European Union.
More information on The Marshall Aid can be found here.
During the Cold War, Greece was in the British area of influence, and after the defeat of Nazi Germany, the Greek royal government had been restored to power with the help of the British despite huge uproar from the communists. However, they did little to directly help the Greek communists, instead the Greek relied on aid from Yugoslavia and Albania, the British saw this as another threat of Soviet Expansion and therefore made sure there was a British Military presence in Greece. In February 1947 the British warned the USA that they could not maintain troops in Greece, and being very close to withdrawal posing another threat of communist take over, which is ultimately one of the reasons why Truman issued the Truman Doctrine.
More information on the Greek Civil War can be found here.