JP – Cold War and the Truman Doctrine

GREEK CIVIL WAR

Since 1944, a war between communist forces and the Greek monarchy had been raging on in Greece; the west feared this and saw this as soviet expansion. In 1947 the aftermath of the second world war had been felt by the British who were in debt of £30000 million. This made it impossible for the British government to drive away the Greek communist forces, this was then later reported to the USA which resulted to the introduction of the “Truman Doctrine”.

TRUMAN DOCTRINE

In March 12 1947 Truman made a statement that declared “it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure.” The Truman doctrine was a response to the communist revolutions that had happened in Greece and Turkey, he wanted to drive off communist forces in Greece and make Greece a “self supporting and self respecting democracy.” American aid and military advisors were sent to support the Greek government. In addition, Truman had also requested $400 million from congress to aid the two troubled countries which congress had approved of two months later.  Later on, the communists were eventually defeated, To Stalin this was a clear sign of US imperialism,  an opinion later reinforced under Marshal plan.

Marshal plan

After Word War II, the economy in much of eastern Europe was poor and this caught the attention of secretary of state George Marshall. Marshall feared that if Europe had reached an economic crisis, a large quantity of it would fall under communis. Marshall had reported to congress about the poor economic growth in eastern europe; congress then responded to this through the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948 which granted $12billion to Europe in aid of recovering the economy.

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